Very often, in the process of erecting a private house, people prefer to form a basement that can be used to store various grocery blanks or it can be intended for other purposes. The underground room must be formed according to all the rules so that it is safe and comfortable to use, and it should also be well protected from the possible penetration of moisture from the soil. The fact is that soil waters are held in the soil, which can negatively affect the integrity and parameters of the walls and floor of the basement. That is why one of the most important processes in this structure is the formation of high -quality and full waterproofing.
Materials for waterproofing the basement from the inside
It is initially important to decide with the help of what material all work will be implemented, and it should be strong, reliable, high -quality and with high waterproofing parameters. Suitable options are numerous, so it is necessary to evaluate all possible types, and then make the right decision. The main varieties include:
Materials in the form of rolls. Rolled materials are easy to apply, so their use is considered the easiest work. It is advisable to form a multi -layer coating that will completely cover all the walls and floor of the basement, and the presence of joints or holes in the coating is not allowed.
Liquid materials for waterproofing. With their help, coating waterproofing is formed. The main abilities include the full filling of all pores and small holes in various materials from which the walls and floor of the basement are performed. It turns out high -quality and reliable waterproofing, however, in the process of work it is impossible to ensure that there are gaps through which moisture will penetrate into the basement.
Clay -based waterproofing. This method is considered simple, but is not of high efficiency and durability.
The use of metal sheets. They completely close all the surfaces in the basement, protecting this room from moisture. This method involves fairly significant expenses, as well as the work themselves are characterized by laboriousness and complexity.
Penetrating waterproofing. It is considered the most popular and in demand at present.
It should be separately distinguished by penetrating waterproofing, which involves the use of special liquid solutions that have the ability to deeply penetrate the structure of various materials, filling their pores and all holes. As a result, the walls themselves and the floor acquire excellent stability before moisture, which in no way can go through the coating.
Most often, when creating penetrating waterproofing, liquid glass is used. This material provides effective protection of various surfaces of the basement from moisture. The service life of the resulting coating is significant, so you can forget for a long time about a problem such as increased humidity from the soil in the basement. Additionally, thanks to the liquid glass, a coating is obtained, characterized by good breathability.
The principles of waterproofing of the basements from the inside
This process should take place in a certain sequence of actions. At the same time, it is important to ensure that any surface of this structure is perfectly protected from the possible penetration of moisture from the soil. The main stages include:
The choice of the material by which waterproofing will be made. For this, liquid glass or liquid rubber can be chosen, which forms coating waterproofing. You can also choose a bitumen mastic, which is presented in the form of a membrane, and when heated it is reliably and firmly attached to any surface, protecting it well from moisture. At the same time, the resulting coating does not deform and does not lose its properties even after a long service life. Injection waterproofing can also be selected, which involves the use of special polymer compounds introduced in the surface using suitable equipment working under pressure. The creation of injection isolation is considered quite expensive, so this method is used when other methods do not bring the necessary result.
Preparation of the basement surfaces for the upcoming work. It is important to clean the floor and walls from all unnecessary elements, dirt and other objects.
Direct waterproofing work, which completely depend on the selected method. If roller materials are used, then in several even layers they must completely cover the walls and floor floor. If coating or penetrating waterproofing is used, then the solutions with the help of suitable insurgents are covered without unnecessary spaces all surfaces of the basement. When using injection waterproofing, materials are injected into the structure of the material from which the surfaces are made using special equipment working under pressure.
Thus, performing high -quality, reliable and optimal waterproofing of all surfaces of the basement is actually quite simple. In this case, it is only necessary to decide which method and materials will be applied. As a result, you can protect this room from the destructive effect of moisture, so it can be used for any purpose.