In the process of laying any ceramic tile, glue is important – the main component, which is responsible for the strength of the tile attachment to the processed surface. Opinions that glue for tiles is almost the same, and also that the quality of the glue depends directly proportionally on its price is in the fundamentally erroneous, since there are a lot of varieties of glue and its components, which are provided for different surfaces of the material on which tiles are laid on the laying of tiles.
If the glue for ceramic tiles is selected incorrectly, or its quality does not meet the requirements of this surface, then the tile will be detaching with time and the quality of such work cannot be considered satisfactory. Of course, you can trust the universal glue for tiles already tested by years and time, but it does not provide unchanging high quality for the glue of tiles on all surfaces.
Types of glue for tiles
To date, there are three main types of tile glue on the market:
Ordinary cement glue
The necessary type of glue for tiles is determined depending on many factors, among which the main ones are:
the location of the tile and the relative humidity of the room (external or external);
the degree of operation of the tiles and the level of physical activity on the finished surface (with frequent physical effects, you need to use glue for tiles of increased strength);
temperature amplitude (a different type of glue is used for heated floors and ordinary ones);
The material of the base on which tiles are laid (metal, wood, plastic, drywall, etc. P.);
Type of tile.
Cement glue for floor tiles can be considered a universal option that can be used for almost all types of tiles and on any surfaces, but it greatly lowers its physical and technical properties during operation in external conditions. Increased moisture soon brings the solution into unusable, and the tile may disappear. Universal glue is suitable only for use in rooms with relative humidity in the region of 65-75%, as well as with average tile loads and relatively flat surface, on which tiles will be glued.
Cerezite glue for tiles is a more expensive option than a cement mortar, but the physical properties of this mixture already allow you to lay tiles on uneven surfaces, as well as in places with increased intensity of operation (for example, on the threshold, in the store, transition).
What glue for tiles should be used?
For heated floors, it is customary to use glue, in which there is an increased consistency of latex – special polymer material, which reduces the effect of temperature difference and does not allow the solution to crack and lose its properties.
For large tiles, it is necessary to use adhesives of increased strength, which will quickly grasp and will not allow the surface to sag after solidification. In most cases, glue for Ceresit tiles with latex and additional hardeners is used, which allows you to immediately lay the tiles on a large area without risk to lose the level.
Glue with increased adhesion is used for work with porcelain tiles, since ordinary mixtures do not give proper result. Such a product is also suitable for working with uneven floors, since its base is cement. Moreover, adhesive with increased adhesion can be used for external work, since it is practically not exposed to moisture and a large difference in annual temperatures.
To finish the tiles of pools, use dispersion glue for tiles with increased water resistance. The price of such glue will be 2 times more expensive than the usual.
How much time does the glue harden for tiles
Glue hardening time can be different. If you use a product in which the main active element is cement, then hardening time can last up to 4-5 days, but there are more “operational” options for laying tiles. You can use glue for tiles Unis, which hardens in almost 20-24 hours, that is, within 1 day. For those who are extremely important and must meet the styling and situation for several hours, adhesives exist over 2-4 hours, but their price does not justify quality, so they are not very popular in the market.
Rules for working with glue for tiles
After kneading, the mixture is suitable for use within 6-7 hours, after which it completely loses its basic properties and cannot be used for high-quality tile laying;
You can fix and move the tile for 20 minutes after its installation, after which the process of grasping is already underway and it can be significantly disturbed;
The thickness of the glue should be 3-5mm, no more, no less, if strong masonry is required at minimal cost of the material.
Glue for tiles is in most cases a completely safe and environmental product, but some glue brands use strong chemical components for better adhesion, so when glue gets on the skin, it is necessary to wash off glue with a lot of water. With minimal changes in well -being, you must contact a doctor.
It is worth remembering that the best glue for tiles is not the most expensive, but the one that is selected in all of the above parameters and is suitable in your case!